What is Sensorineural Hearing Loss?
- What is Sensorineural Hearing Loss
- We look at what it means and the symptoms you may have
- What are the causes of Sensorineural Hearing Loss?
- How to treat it & management of the condition
- How to manage the resulting hearing loss
What Is Sensorineural Hearing Loss?
Sensorineural hearing loss(SHL) is one of the most common types of permanent hearing impairments. It is the result of damage to hair cells or nerves within the inner ear. Often, a leading cause is damage to the cochlea (which is located in the inner ear).
The hair cells within the cochlea move in response to sound pressure waves in the cochlear fluid and are responsive to their own specific frequency which causes sensitivity to sound. Continued exposure to loud noise, along with this sensitivity can spread to adjacent frequencies and produce a chronic loss of hearing.
However, sensorineural hearing loss can be appropriately managed with hearing aids. SHL also comes with a range of varying symptoms such as muffled hearing and tinnitus. If you believe you may be experiencing this kind of hearing loss, we recommend that you consult a medical professional or licensed audiologist.
What does Sensorineural Hearing Loss mean?Sensorineural hearing loss means that a problem has occurred in the sensory part of the ear or the nerve leading to the brain. If left untreated, then more serious conditions can occur as well as deafness. The symptoms of the condition can vary from person-to-person and can include:
Other symptoms include difficulty hearing when the speaker's face is not visible and misunderstanding some or all of the information. Therefore, people with untreated hearing impairments often have difficulty understanding speech and are generally unable to hear well when background noise interferes. Additionally, people with minor auditory problems fail to notice the gradual loss. When you notice that an impairment is impacting your daily life, it may be time to try and manage the condition with digital hearing aids.
What is the cause of Sensorineural Hearing Loss?
Sudden and Progressive are the two commonly recognised types of sensorineural hearing loss.
Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSHL) is an otologic condition commonly defined as a quick decline in hearing. SSHL can be caused by a viral infection of the cochlea. Another cause is rupture or tears in the thin, oval and round window membranes surrounding the stapes footplate that can allow perilymph to flow out of the inner ear into the middle ear. Usually, such leaks are a result of a blow to the head or trauma. Occasionally they occur spontaneously.
Diagnosis can be difficult and typically relies on a history of head trauma or external-internal pressure changes.
Progressive sensorineural hearing loss includes Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) and presbycusis or age related hearing loss. While NIHL arises from accumulated noise exposure over time, presbycusis comes along with physiologic ageing. Conditions that may contribute to presbycusis include:
- Exposure to harmful noise
- Chemical exposure
- Diet & metabolism
- Genetic make-up
- Autoimmune diseases
- Multiple sclerosis
- Smoking-fuelled lifestyle
A medical professional should be able to identify which type of SHL you have and recommend the appropriate next steps you need to take.
What Treatment is available for Sensorineural Hearing Loss?
Hearing aids are the most effective treatment for managing SHL. They can be easily adjusted and tailored to the individual's pattern of deafness. The most basic form of sensorineural hearing loss treatment is salt restriction. Periodic use of vestibular suppressants is useful for treating dizziness. If medical therapy fails, surgical procedures can be considered.
The impact of unmanaged hearing loss is high and can be a significant cause of psychological withdrawal from social activities, leading to a feeling of isolation, lack of self-confidence and depression. That is why early detection is very important. The earlier an issue is identified, the easier it is for the patient to adjust to a hearing aid and the sooner they can start enjoying the freedom of being able to hear well again.
How can HearingDirect help?
At Hearing Direct, you will find a collection of affordable devices. Hearing aids can be an effective way to manage SHL. Ideal for mild to moderate impairments, the digital devices we supply host a range of features to help improve both your auditory capabilities and quality of life.
For instance the Signia Motion 13 1Nx Digital Hearing Aid is our top of the range hearing aid, and still has a very affordable price. Not only does it fit behind the ear very discreetly, but it is also packed with technology. Controlled by a smartphone app or remote control it has twin phone technology and can be paired with the Signia Streamline Mic or Signia Streamline TV to make everyday life much easier for you.
Check your Hearing Online for Free
At HearingDirect, we have created our very own online hearing test so you can check your hearing for free in the comfort of your own home. If you believe you, a loved one, family member or friend could be suffering from impaired hearing, it is advisable to check.
All you will need is a few free minutes and some ear or headphones. Once the test is complete you will get your results instantly via email and based on the outcome of the test, you can decide whether to take further action.
How can you Manage Hearing Loss
There are effective ways to manage sensorineural hearing loss and other forms of impairments. Depending on your type of hearing loss, we can help. We supply a selection of items to help improve your quality of life.
- Hearing aids are crucial to lifestyle satisfaction, helping those with losses enjoy the sounds they love.
- Amplified phones are key to maintaining communication boasting extra loud ringers and added clarity.
- Loud alarm clocks have been designed with the hard to wake and hard of hearing alike to really help kickstart your morning.
- Assistive Listening Devices work by supplying amplified sound via a Bluetooth connection to headphones and some digital hearing aids.
- Ear hygiene items will help you take better care of your ears and safely cleanse them without causing extra damage.
About Hearing Direct
We are one of the world's leading hearing aid specialists. HearingDirect offers a wide range of affordable products, as well as information resources to help improve the quality of life for the hard of hearing. We sell:
- Hearing aids,
- Accessories such as earplugs,
- and amplified devices such as super loud alarm clocks and amplified phones.
Author: Joan McKechnie
After qualifying as a Speech-Language Pathologist and Audiologist Joan has spent most of her 20 year career in hearing-care related roles. She has a wealth of experience within the hearing aid and hearing rehabilitation fields and has worked in manufacturing environments with two hearing aid companies helping to develop products and roll out new technologies. Joan has been involved with Hearing Direct since its launch and enjoys the online retail environment which seeks to provide easier access to hearing products and accessories. She is HCPC registered. Read Joan's full bio here.